Segregation of Business Assets
This is the concept of allocating out different assets into separate entities on a risk vs non-risk basis.
(1) Proper Ownership
Do not use your name when creating an entity, instead create an LLC to have ownership in your business entity. Also, use a business PO box or address (as allowed) or an agent for you, such as an attorney, CPA, etc.
(2) Example #1
- A company owns rental properties under a separate LLC
- The LLC that owns the rental properties is a property managment business
- There is a separate LLC that owns and rents vehicles and equipment used in the business and contracts to do services for the rental company.
- The rental company contacts this entity to provide services for property owners
- So the idea is that each entity is liable for its own debts and risks.
(3) Example #2
You wish to set up a new LLC that you will contribute assets to and that will allow you to continue business
You currently own:
- $50,000 cash in a personal checking account at a bank
- $100,000 debt free investment farm land (inherited from parents)
- $350,000 principal residence value debt free (no mortgage)
- $200,000 in an IRA
- A free and clear $20,000 truck
- You and your wife each own a $25,000 lexus, one is debt free, one is subject to a $15,000 bank loan. Value at $25,000
- You have a property managment business (C Corporation) that generates $100,000 profit per year after you take a $75,000 salary
So one idea as to how to capitalize the new LLC
- Contribute $30,000 of your cash
- Contribute $100,000 farm land
- Principle residence: In Arizona the Homestead Exemption is $150,000, so the take home value of $350,000 and you can sign a promissory note in favor of the LLC secured by a $200,000 first lien and Deed of Trust on the residence bearing 6% interest (interest payable annually with a 6 year maturity date). This is part of your subscription to purchase membership interests in the LLC - evedenced by a promissory note.
- Contribute the debt free truck and one of the automobiles that is debt free
- Contribute the stock of the property mangaement business into the LLC
Now you have capitalized the company with assets that you can borrow against to do your business.
(4) Example #3
Say you want to go into a house buying, repair, and renovation business:
So LLC A that you first capitalized can lend $ to LLC B that you form to buy the fix up houses and LLC B will sign a promissory note in favor of LLC A and will secure the note by a deed of trust on the fix up real property so that, should a liability occur on the rental property and a judgment be rendered against LLC B, holding ownership of the property, you can call the note all due and payable and foreclose the property; either get the property back or your note gets paid off at a foreclosure sale (not applicable to a tort situation, i.e auto accident, etc.).